Determining Financial Need

Need-based financial aid includes most grants, 许多贷款和兼职学生就业通过联邦工作学习. In making awards of need-based financial assistance, 上学费用和家庭支付教育费用的能力是最重要的因素.

出勤费用包括学生的学费和杂费的平均费用, room and board, books and supplies, transportation and necessary personal and miscellaneous items. The Cost of Attendance can vary, 这取决于许多因素,如全日制或非全日制入学, housing accommodations and the school in which a student enrolls.

预期家庭贡献(EFC)是衡量家庭预期提供的教育援助数额的客观指标. The formula is determined each year by the U.S. 并将总收入等因素考虑在内, federal taxes paid, 家庭规模和同时上大学的家庭成员数量. 这项评估是在学生完成联邦学生援助免费申请(FAFSA)后进行的。. 一旦学生完成了FAFSA,结果就会由处理人员计算出来.S. 由教育部和其他院校等机构选送学生.

In order to be eligible for need based financial aid, 学生必须根据以下公式证明经济需要:

学生就读成本(COA)减去预期家庭贡献(EFC)=经济需求.

COA由财政援助办公室确定,包括学费, fees, books and supplies, room and board, transportation, and personal expenses such as laundry and entertainment. The EFC is calculated according to a federal formula.

Dependency Status

控件上必须报告谁的信息,取决于您的依赖项状态 Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA®) form.

如果你是一个独立的学生,你将报告你和你的父母的信息.
If you’re an independent student, you will report your own information (and, if you’re married, your spouse’s).

联邦学生援助计划是基于这样一个概念:支付你的教育费用主要是你和你的家庭的责任. A dependent student is assumed to have the support of parents, 所以家长的信息必须和学生的信息一起评估, 为了全面了解这个家庭的经济实力. If you’re a dependent student, it doesn’t mean your parents are required to pay anything toward your education; this is just a way of looking at everyone in a consistent manner.

Am I dependent or independent?

你对FAFSA®表格上问题的回答决定了你是独立学生还是独立学生. The questions change a little from one year’s application to the next year’s; for instance, the 2021–22 FAFSA form asks whether you were born before Jan. 而2022-23年的FAFSA表格会询问你是否在1998年1月1日前出生. 1, 1999. Here are the questions that determine your dependency status,  

所有申请联邦学生援助的申请人都被认为是“独立”或“依赖”.”

INDEPENDENT STUDENT

如果你对这些问题中的任何一个回答是肯定的,那么你可能是一个独立的学生. 你可能不需要在你的免费申请联邦学生援助(FAFSA®)表格上提供家长信息.

DEPENDENT STUDENT*

If you answer NO to ALL of these questions, 那么你可能会被认为是一名受抚养学生,并且在填写FAFSA表格时可能需要提供你父母的财务信息.

  1. Will you be 24 or older by Jan. 申请经济援助的第一学年? For example, 如果你计划在2021年8月开始2021 - 22学年的学习, will you be 24 by Jan. 1, 2021 (i.e., were you born before Jan. 1, 1998)?
  2. Are you married or separated but not divorced?
  3. 你打算攻读硕士或博士学位(比如硕士)吗.A., MBA, M.D., J.D., Ph.D., Ed.D., etc.)?
  4. 你的孩子有一半以上的生活费来自你吗?
  5. 你是否有受抚养人(子女或配偶除外)与你同住,并从你那里获得超过一半的生活费?
  6. Are you currently serving on active duty in the U.S. armed forces for purposes other than training?
  7. Are you a veteran of the U.S. armed forces?
  8. At any time since you turned age 13, were both of your parents deceased, were you in foster care, or were you a ward or dependent of the court?
  9. 你是一个被解放的未成年人,还是在法庭的监护下?
  10. 你是一个无家可归或自食其力并面临无家可归风险的无人陪伴的青少年吗?

*If you don’t answer “yes” to any of the questions above, 即使你没有和父母住在一起,你仍然被认为是申请联邦学生援助的受抚养学生, are not claimed by your parents on their tax forms, or are paying for your own bills and educational expenses.

Verification

是否有资格获得基于需求的奖励是根据您提交的财务和其他家庭信息确定的. 此信息用于计算FAFSA上的预期家庭贡献(EFC). In applying for and receiving need-based aid, 如果授权的大学官员要求,您同意提供任何额外的财务和其他相关信息来证明您有资格进入该办公室. 大学保留要求和审查这些额外信息的权利, and if necessary, 根据更新或更正的财务和其他信息,减少或取消奖励. 您要对FAFSA上提交的所有数据的准确性负责, 您的匹兹堡大学江南体育app分校验证工作表, 联邦纳税申报表和其他相关文件的复印件. Some additional paperwork that may be needed is as follows:

  1. The student's official IRS Tax Return Transcript, if filed.
  2. A copy of the student's (and spouse's) W2 form(s), if worked.
  3. 一份你父母的正式的美国国税局纳税申报表(如果他们提交的话).
  4. A copy of the parents' W2 forms, if they worked.
  5. 匹兹堡大学江南体育app分校验证工作表的完整签名副本.

You will be asked to mail these materials to:

University of Pittsburgh at Titusville
Office of Financial Aid
504 E. Main Street
Titusville, PA 16354

If our office does not receive these documents, you will experience delays in receiving your financial aid. If inconsistencies or errors are found, 在你的经济援助申请被处理和资金支付给你之前,江南体育app会对这些信息进行更正. 请注意,如果江南体育app需要澄清或解决相互矛盾的信息,上述列出的项目并不是您可能需要的唯一项目.